The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd ed., Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2008
Professor of Economics
Head, Forum Macro of Israel
Bar-Ilan University, Israel
Brezis, E. S. (2008). Bairoch, Paul (1930–1999). The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. Palgrave Macmillan, London.
Brezis, Elise S. “Bairoch, Paul (1930–1999).” The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2008.
Brezis, Elise S. “Bairoch, Paul (1930–1999).” The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd ed., Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2008.
A trait common to all Bairoch’s research in economic history, from his thesis onwards, was that he based his opinions on data, and when the data did not exist, he found a way to collect or construct it. Bairoch can be seen as a pioneer of cliometrics, and believed that without data and statistical information, economic history is left to eradication. David Landes (1998, p. xiii) even gave Bairoch the nickname “collector and calculator of the numbers of growth and productivity”. Another characteristic typical of Bairoch’s research is that he was not afraid to be non-conformist and present views that ran against the mainstream. Bairoch worked in three main subjects: economic development and growth, urban studies, and international trade.
Keywords: agricultural revolution, Bairoch, city and economic development, cliometrics, colonialism, diffusion of technology, economic development, foreign aid, free trade, global inequality, protection, technological progress, trade and economic growth, urbanization